Dataset Details - Hay from British Columbia Download Now

Base NameHay from British Columbia
Treatments, Standards and RoutesAlfalfa, alfalfa mixtures and other tame hay
Mix and Locationharvested, prior to storage, Alberta
Functional Unit Flow Properties90% standard dry matter content
Name Synonymstame hay; forage crop
Quantitative ReferenceOne metric ton
Dataset Starting Year2009
Dataset Valid Until2018
Time RepresentativityTen-year average
Technology CharacteristicsExcludes hay harvested for international export.
Intended Process ApplicationsCut hay for drying or ensilage intended for cattle
Ecospold Activity Type1
Ecospold Special Activity Type0
ClassificationAgricultural production means (2.10)
Quantitative Reference TypeReference flow(s)
Dataset Time Domain ValidityTrue
LocationCanada (CA)
Included ProcessesEmpty
LCI Method PrincipleAttributional
LCI Principles DeviationsAttributional LCI methods were used.
LCI Method ApproachesAllocation - mass
LCI Method DeviationsMass allocation was the main allocation approach for field inputs and emissions. Hay for seeds was subtracted from yield.
Modelling ConstantsSummary of synthetic fertilization per tonne of hay: 6.0 kg N, 3.9 kg P, 2.1 kg S
Modelling Constant DeviationsNA
Data Cutoff/Completeness PrinciplesHay left in the fields was out of scope. CO2 removal from soil due to historical increased use of perennial crops (such as hay) in Canada was included (see the Canadian GHG inventory part 2 for more information).
Deviations from Cutoff/Completeness PrinciplesNA
Data Selection/Combination PrinciplesWhere provincial data was unavailable, data from another region (another province or Canada) or for field crops in general was used. Where data was not available over 10 years, data from a shorter period was used.
Deviations from Selection/Combination PrinciplesNA
Data Treatment and Extrapolation PrinciplesExported hay was assumed to be irrigated and corresponding irrigation water was excluded from the LCI.
Deviations from Treatment and Extrapolation PrinciplesNA
Supply Coverage100
Dataset Use AdviceNA
Dataset Review SummaryInternal review was performed by Groupe AGÉCO comparing calculated values with other data sources. Data were reviewed by a scientific committee composed of beef industry, government and ENGO experts. External experts were also consulted.
Type of Dataset ModellingUnit process, single operation
Dataset SourceFMS 2017
Dataset Review TypeIndependent internal review
Dataset ScopeUnit process(es), single operation
Dataset Review MethodExpert judgement
Technological RepresentativenessVery good
Time RepresentativenessVery good
Geographical RepresentativenessGood
CompletenessVery good
PrecisionVery good
Methodological Appropriateness and ConsistencyVery good
Overall QualityVery good
Review Report SourceSCAC 2020
Overall Compliance ApprovalNot defined
Nomenclature ComplianceNot defined
Methodological ComplianceNot defined
Review ComplianceNot defined
Documentation ComplianceNot defined
Quality ComplianceNot defined
IDFlow TypeFlow ReferenceDirectionMean AmountResulting Amount
0Not Elementary Flow (0) harvested hayOutput10001000
1Not Elementary Flow (0) electricityInput18.718.7
2Not Elementary Flow (0) natural gasInput37.537.5
3Resources from water (2.2) Water withdrawn (ground water)Input1919
4Resources from water (2.2) Water withdrawn (surface water)Input57.757.7
5Not Elementary Flow (0) Water withdrawn (unspecified, off-farm)Input4040
6Emissions to fresh water (1.1.1) Water returned to ground waterOutput77
7Emissions to fresh water (1.1.1) Water returned to surface waterOutput2828
8Not Elementary Flow (0) Manure from beefInput381381
9Not Elementary Flow (0) Manure from dairy cowsInput475475
10Not Elementary Flow (0) Organic N from manureInput7.37.3
11Not Elementary Flow (0) Organic P from manureInput3.93.9
12Not Elementary Flow (0) Organic K2O from manureInput7.77.7
13Not Elementary Flow (0) Organic S from manureInput0.30.3
14Not Elementary Flow (0) Urea, as 100% CO(NH2)2 (NPK 46.6-0-0)Input5.15.1
15Not Elementary Flow (0) Monoammonium phosphate (MAP), as 100% (NPK 11-52-0)Input1717
16Not Elementary Flow (0) PotashInput8.48.4
17Not Elementary Flow (0) Ammonium Sulphate, as 100% (NH4)2SO4 (NPK 21-0-0)Input36.436.4
18Not Elementary Flow (0) Lime fertilizer (0 - 4,9% MgCO3)Input1.11.1
19Not Elementary Flow (0) glyphosateInput0.0620.062
20Not Elementary Flow (0) Transport of farm inputs, lorryInput6060
21Land occupation (3.1) Total area of perennial crop occupied (agricultural soil)Input570570
22Emissions to air, unspecified (1.3.4) carbon dioxideInput0.150.15
23Not Elementary Flow (0) LDPE - wasteOutput0.0510.051
24Not Elementary Flow (0) PP - wasteOutput0.0130.013
25Not Elementary Flow (0) HDPE - wasteOutput0.00130.013
26Not Elementary Flow (0) Paper - wasteOutput0.0190.019
27Not Elementary Flow (0) Cardboard - wasteOutput0.0190.019
28Emissions to air (1.3) 2,4-DOutput0
29Emissions to air, unspecified (1.3.4) ammoniaOutput1.251.25
30Emissions to air, unspecified (1.3.4) carbon dioxide (fossil)Output4.244.24
31Emissions to air, unspecified (1.3.4) nitrous oxideOutput0.30.3
32Emissions to air (1.3) GlyphosateOutput0.0100.010
33Emissions to air (1.3) MCPAOutput0
34Emissions to air (1.3) Nitrogen oxidesOutput0.50.5
35Emissions to air, unspecified (1.3.4) seleniumOutput0.000060.00006
36Emissions to water (1.1) Nitrate to groundwaterOutput3.333.33
37Emissions to water (1.1) Phophorus to riverOutput0.360.36
38Emissions to water (1.1) Phosphate to groundwaterOutput0.160.16
39Emissions to water (1.1) Phosphate to riverOutput0.160.16
40Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) arsenicOutput0.00080.0008
41Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) cadmiumOutput0.00050.0005
42Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) chromiumOutput0.00540.0054
43Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) copperOutput0.00120.0012
44Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) glyphosateOutput0.0520.052
45Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) leadOutput0.00050.0005
46Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) mercuryOutput0.00000050.0000005
47Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) molybdenumOutput0.000570.00057
48Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) nickelOutput0.000940.00094
49Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) seleniumOutput0.000120.00012
50Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) zincOutput0.0080.008
51Not Elementary Flow (0) dieselInput0.00830.0083
Dataset Version01.00.000
Dataset Intended ApplicationsThe intended application of this dataset is to provide an LCI that integrates considerations at a regional and provincial level to facilitate data use in animal production LCAs in Canada, especially for beef production.
Dataset URI../processes/17e69ac4-d5ab-4eb9-9a25-5e73ead29c04.xml
Dataset Access RestrictionsNone
Data EntryGroupe AGÉCO
Approval SourceSCAC 2020
Dataset CopyrightTrue
Dataset License TypeFree of charge for all users and uses