Dataset Details - Hay from Canada Download Now

Base NameHay from Canada
Treatments, Standards and RoutesAlfalfa, alfalfa mixtures and other tame hay
Mix and Locationharvested, prior to storage, Alberta
Functional Unit Flow Properties90% standard dry matter content
Name Synonymstame hay; forage crop
Quantitative ReferenceOne metric ton
Dataset Starting Year2009
Dataset Valid Until2018
Time RepresentativityTen-year average
Technology CharacteristicsExcludes hay harvested for international export.
Intended Process ApplicationsCut hay for drying or ensilage intended for cattle
Ecospold Activity Type1
Ecospold Special Activity Type0
ClassificationAgricultural production means (2.10)
Quantitative Reference TypeReference flow(s)
Dataset Time Domain ValidityTrue
LocationCanada (CA)
Included ProcessesHay from West
LCI Method PrincipleAttributional
LCI Principles DeviationsAttributional LCI methods were used.
LCI Method ApproachesAllocation - mass
LCI Method DeviationsMass allocation was the main allocation approach for field inputs and emissions. Hay for seeds was subtracted from yield.
Modelling ConstantsSummary of synthetic fertilization per tonne of hay: 6.6 kg N, 2.8 kg P, 1.5 kg S
Modelling Constant DeviationsNA
Data Cutoff/Completeness PrinciplesHay left in the fields was out of scope. CO2 removal from soil due to historical increased use of perennial crops (such as hay) in Canada was included (see the Canadian GHG inventory part 2 for more information).
Deviations from Cutoff/Completeness PrinciplesNA
Data Selection/Combination PrinciplesWhere provincial data was unavailable, data from another region (another province or Canada) or for field crops in general was used. Where data was not available over 10 years, data from a shorter period was used.
Deviations from Selection/Combination PrinciplesNA
Data Treatment and Extrapolation PrinciplesExported hay was assumed to be irrigated and corresponding irrigation water was excluded from the LCI.
Deviations from Treatment and Extrapolation PrinciplesNA
Supply Coverage100
Dataset Use AdviceNA
Dataset Review SummaryInternal review was performed by Groupe AGÉCO comparing calculated values with other data sources. Data were reviewed by a scientific committee composed of beef industry, government and ENGO experts. External experts were also consulted.
Type of Dataset ModellingUnit process, single operation
Dataset SourceFMS 2017
Dataset Review TypeIndependent internal review
Dataset ScopeUnit process(es), single operation
Dataset Review MethodExpert judgement
Technological RepresentativenessVery good
Time RepresentativenessVery good
Geographical RepresentativenessGood
CompletenessVery good
PrecisionVery good
Methodological Appropriateness and ConsistencyVery good
Overall QualityVery good
Review Report SourceSCAC 2020
Overall Compliance ApprovalNot defined
Nomenclature ComplianceNot defined
Methodological ComplianceNot defined
Review ComplianceNot defined
Documentation ComplianceNot defined
Quality ComplianceNot defined
IDFlow TypeFlow ReferenceDirectionMean AmountResulting Amount
0Not Elementary Flow (0) harvested hayOutput10001000
1Not Elementary Flow (0) natural gasInput6.56.5
2Not Elementary Flow (0) electricityInput3.23.2
3Resources from water (2.2) Water withdrawn (ground water)Input1.21.2
4Resources from water (2.2) Water withdrawn (surface water)Input5.65.6
5Not Elementary Flow (0) Water withdrawn (unspecified, off-farm)Input13.413.4
6Emissions to fresh water (1.1.1) Water returned to ground waterOutput1.21.2
7Emissions to fresh water (1.1.1) Water returned to surface waterOutput4.84.8
8Not Elementary Flow (0) Manure from beefInput145145
9Not Elementary Flow (0) Manure from dairy cowsInput187187
10Not Elementary Flow (0) Organic N from manureInput3.23.2
11Not Elementary Flow (0) Organic P from manureInput1.71.7
12Not Elementary Flow (0) Organic K2O from manureInput3.33.3
13Not Elementary Flow (0) Organic S from manureInput0.10.1
14Not Elementary Flow (0) Anhydrous ammonia, as 100% NH3 (NPK 82-0-0)Input0
15Not Elementary Flow (0) Ammonium Nitrate, as 100% (NH4)(NO3) (NPK 34-0-0)Input0.30.3
16Not Elementary Flow (0) ESN (Environmentally Smart Nitrogen) (NPK 44-0-0)Input0.070.07
17Not Elementary Flow (0) dieselInput0.00570.0057
18Not Elementary Flow (0) Super U (NPK 46-0-0)Input0.50.5
19Not Elementary Flow (0) Urea, as 100% CO(NH2)2 (NPK 46.6-0-0)Input6.66.6
20Not Elementary Flow (0) Urea-ammonium-nitrate (UAN) 28% (NPK 28-0-0)Input0.50.5
21Not Elementary Flow (0) Amidas (NPK 40-0-0)Input0.40.4
22Not Elementary Flow (0) Ammonium phosphate (NPK 10-34-0)Input0.20.2
23Not Elementary Flow (0) Monoammonium phosphate (MAP), as 100% (NPK 11-52-0)Input11.311.3
24Not Elementary Flow (0) Di ammonium phosphate, as 100% (NH3)2HPO4 (NPK 18-46-0)Input1.11.1
25Not Elementary Flow (0) PotashInput10.110.1
26Not Elementary Flow (0) Potassium sulphate (NPK 0-0-50)Input0.10.1
27Not Elementary Flow (0) Sul-po-mag/K Mag, as 100% (NPK 0-0-22)Input0.20.2
28Not Elementary Flow (0) Ammonium Sulphate, as 100% (NH4)2SO4 (NPK 21-0-0)Input22.322.3
29Not Elementary Flow (0) Ammonium Sulphate finesInput0.30.3
30Not Elementary Flow (0) Ammonium Thiosulphate (NPK 15-0-0)Input0.60.6
31Not Elementary Flow (0) Bio-Sul Premium PlusInput0.020.02
32Not Elementary Flow (0) NutraSul90 (Keg River)Input0.080.08
33Not Elementary Flow (0) S15 (NPK 13-33-0)Input0.40.4
34Not Elementary Flow (0) Tiger 90Input0.10.1
35Not Elementary Flow (0) Vitasul G (Sulvaris)Input0.050.05
36Not Elementary Flow (0) Lime fertilizer (0 - 4,9% MgCO3)Input22
37Not Elementary Flow (0) glyphosateInput0.070.07
38Not Elementary Flow (0) 2,4-D amineInput0.020.02
39Not Elementary Flow (0) MCPAInput0.0010.001
40Not Elementary Flow (0) Transport of farm inputs, lorryInput5656
41Not Elementary Flow (0) 2,4-D amineInput00
42Emissions to fresh water (1.1.1) 1-noneneInput0
43Land occupation (3.1) Total area of perennial crop occupied (agricultural soil)Input621621
44Emissions to air, unspecified (1.3.4) carbon dioxideInput0.190.19
45Not Elementary Flow (0) LDPE - wasteOutput0.0520.052
46Not Elementary Flow (0) PP - wasteOutput0.0130.013
47Not Elementary Flow (0) HDPE - wasteOutput0.0130.013
48Not Elementary Flow (0) Paper - wasteOutput0.0190.019
49Not Elementary Flow (0) Cardboard - wasteOutput0.0190.019
50Emissions to air (1.3) 2,4-DOutput0.0040.004
51Emissions to air, unspecified (1.3.4) ammoniaOutput0.870.87
52Emissions to air, unspecified (1.3.4) carbon dioxide (fossil)Output5.855.85
53Emissions to air, unspecified (1.3.4) nitrous oxideOutput0.320.32
54Emissions to air (1.3) GlyphosateOutput0.010.01
55Emissions to air (1.3) MCPAOutput0.00020.0002
56Emissions to air (1.3) Nitrogen oxidesOutput0.360.36
57Emissions to air, unspecified (1.3.4) seleniumOutput0.0000460.000046
58Emissions to water (1.1) Nitrate to groundwaterOutput3.113.11
59Emissions to water (1.1) Phophorus to riverOutput0.540.54
60Emissions to water (1.1) Phosphate to groundwaterOutput0.160.16
61Emissions to water (1.1) Phosphate to riverOutput0.160.16
62Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) (2,4-dichlorophenoxy)acetic acidOutput0.0190.019
63Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) arsenicOutput0.00070.0007
64Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) cadmiumOutput0.00030.0003
65Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) chromiumOutput0.00420.0042
66Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) cobaltOutput0
67Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) copperOutput0.00090.0009
68Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) glyphosateOutput0.060.06
69Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) leadOutput0.00040.0004
70Emissions to soil (1.2) MCPAOutput0.00090.0009
71Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) mercuryOutput0.00000060.0000006
72Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) molybdenumOutput0.00040.0004
73Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) nickelOutput0.00070.0007
74Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) seleniumOutput0.000090.00009
75Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) zincOutput0.0060.006
76Not Elementary Flow (0) Urea-ammonium-nitrate (UAN) 32% (NPK 32-0-0)Input0.020.02
77Not Elementary Flow (0) Complete liquid starter (e.g. Alpine) (NPK 6-24-6)Input0.050.05
78Not Elementary Flow (0) Alpine K Thio (NPK 0-0-66)Input0.010.01
Dataset Version01.00.000
Dataset Intended ApplicationsThe intended application of this dataset is to provide an LCI that integrates considerations at a regional and provincial level to facilitate data use in animal production LCAs in Canada, especially for beef production.
Dataset URI../processes/4f0ca0d1-91f4-4e1c-883e-2ac1632e5a8f.xml
Dataset Access RestrictionsNone
Data EntryGroupe AGÉCO
Approval SourceSCAC 2020
Dataset CopyrightTrue
Dataset License TypeFree of charge for all users and uses