Dataset Details - Hay from Canada Prairie Provinces Download Now

Base NameHay from Canada Prairie Provinces
Treatments, Standards and RoutesAlfalfa, alfalfa mixtures and other tame hay
Mix and Locationharvested, prior to storage, Prairie Province
Functional Unit Flow Properties90% standard dry matter content
Name Synonymstame hay; forage crop
Quantitative ReferenceOne metric ton
Dataset Starting Year2009
Dataset Valid Until2018
Time RepresentativityTen-year average
Technology CharacteristicsExcludes hay harvested for international export.
Intended Process ApplicationsCut hay for drying or ensilage intended for cattle
Ecospold Activity Type1
Ecospold Special Activity Type0
ClassificationAgricultural production means (2.10)
Quantitative Reference TypeReference flow(s)
Dataset Time Domain ValidityTrue
LocationCanada (CA)
Included ProcessesEmpty
LCI Method PrincipleAttributional
LCI Principles DeviationsAttributional LCI methods were used.
LCI Method ApproachesAllocation - mass
LCI Method DeviationsMass allocation was the main allocation approach for field inputs and emissions. Hay for seeds was subtracted from yield.
Modelling ConstantsSummary of synthetic fertilization per tonne of hay: 4.9 kg N, 3.2 kg P, 1.7 kg S
Modelling Constant DeviationsNA
Data Cutoff/Completeness PrinciplesHay left in the fields was out of scope. CO2 removal from soil due to historical increased use of perennial crops (such as hay) in Canada was included (see the Canadian GHG inventory part 2 for more information).
Deviations from Cutoff/Completeness PrinciplesNA
Data Selection/Combination PrinciplesWhere provincial data was unavailable, data from another region (another province or Canada) or for field crops in general was used. Where data was not available over 10 years, data from a shorter period was used.
Deviations from Selection/Combination PrinciplesNA
Data Treatment and Extrapolation PrinciplesExported hay was assumed to be irrigated and corresponding irrigation water was excluded from the LCI.
Deviations from Treatment and Extrapolation PrinciplesNA
Supply Coverage100
Dataset Use AdviceNA
Dataset Review SummaryInternal review was performed by Groupe AGÉCO comparing calculated values with other data sources. Data were reviewed by a scientific committee composed of beef industry, government and ENGO experts. External experts were also consulted.
Type of Dataset ModellingUnit process, single operation
Dataset SourceFMS 2017
Dataset Review TypeIndependent internal review
Dataset ScopeUnit process(es), single operation
Dataset Review MethodExpert judgement
Technological RepresentativenessVery good
Time RepresentativenessVery good
Geographical RepresentativenessGood
CompletenessVery good
PrecisionVery good
Methodological Appropriateness and ConsistencyVery good
Overall QualityVery good
Review Report SourceSCAC 2020
Overall Compliance ApprovalNot defined
Nomenclature ComplianceNot defined
Methodological ComplianceNot defined
Review ComplianceNot defined
Documentation ComplianceNot defined
Quality ComplianceNot defined
IDFlow TypeFlow ReferenceDirectionMean AmountResulting Amount
0Not Elementary Flow (0) harvested hayOutput10001000
1Emissions to air, unspecified (1.3.4) carbon dioxide (fossil)Output2.492.49
2Emissions to air, unspecified (1.3.4) nitrous oxideOutput0.170.17
3Emissions to air (1.3) GlyphosateOutput0.020.02
4Emissions to air (1.3) Nitrogen oxidesOutput0.230.23
5Emissions to air, unspecified (1.3.4) seleniumOutput0.000050.00005
6Emissions to water (1.1) Nitrate to groundwaterOutput1.361.36
7Emissions to water (1.1) Phophorus to riverOutput0.430.43
8Emissions to water (1.1) Phosphate to groundwaterOutput0.190.19
9Emissions to water (1.1) Phosphate to riverOutput0.190.19
10Not Elementary Flow (0) dieselInput0.00580.0058
11Not Elementary Flow (0) electricityInput3.53.5
12Not Elementary Flow (0) natural gasInput77
13Not Elementary Flow (0) harvested hayInput0
14Resources from water (2.2) Water withdrawn (surface water)Input3.53.5
15Not Elementary Flow (0) Water withdrawn (unspecified, off-farm)Input1818
16Emissions to fresh water (1.1.1) Water returned to ground waterOutput1.31.3
17Emissions to fresh water (1.1.1) Water returned to surface waterOutput5.25.2
18Not Elementary Flow (0) Manure from beefInput156156
19Not Elementary Flow (0) Manure from dairy cowsInput159159
20Not Elementary Flow (0) Organic N from manureInput1.21.2
21Not Elementary Flow (0) Organic P from manureInput0.50.5
22Not Elementary Flow (0) Organic S from manureInput0.10.1
23Not Elementary Flow (0) Organic K2O from manureInput1.21.2
24Not Elementary Flow (0) Urea, as 100% CO(NH2)2 (NPK 46.6-0-0)Input3.23.2
25Not Elementary Flow (0) Urea-ammonium-nitrate (UAN) 28% (NPK 28-0-0)Input0.20.2
26Not Elementary Flow (0) Monoammonium phosphate (MAP), as 100% (NPK 11-52-0)Input13.913.9
27Not Elementary Flow (0) PotashInput6.96.9
28Not Elementary Flow (0) Ammonium Sulphate, as 100% (NH4)2SO4 (NPK 21-0-0)Input26.626.6
29Not Elementary Flow (0) Lime fertilizer (0 - 4,9% MgCO3)Input0.30.3
30Not Elementary Flow (0) glyphosateInput0.120.12
31Not Elementary Flow (0) Transport of farm inputs, lorryInput4545
32Not Elementary Flow (0) LDPE - wasteOutput0.0600.060
33Not Elementary Flow (0) PP - wasteOutput0.0150.015
34Not Elementary Flow (0) HDPE - wasteOutput0.0150.015
35Not Elementary Flow (0) Paper - wasteOutput0.0220.022
36Not Elementary Flow (0) Cardboard - wasteOutput0.0220.022
37Emissions to air, unspecified (1.3.4) ammoniaOutput0.420.42
38Not Elementary Flow (0) Infrastructure (steel for silos)Input0
39Not Elementary Flow (0) Plastics for baling (LDPE)Input0
40Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) arsenicOutput0.00070.0007
41Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) cadmiumOutput0.00040.0004
42Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) chromiumOutput0.0040.004
43Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) copperOutput0.0010.001
44Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) glyphosateOutput0.100.10
45Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) leadOutput0.00040.0004
46Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) mercuryOutput0.00000050.0000005
47Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) molybdenumOutput0.00050.0005
48Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) nickelOutput0.00080.0008
49Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) seleniumOutput0.00010.0001
50Emissions to agricultural soil (1.2.1) zincOutput0.0060.006
51Emissions to air, unspecified (1.3.4) carbon dioxideInput0.210.21
52Land occupation (3.1) Total area of perennial crop occupied (agricultural soil)Input793793
Dataset Version01.00.000
Dataset Intended ApplicationsThe intended application of this dataset is to provide an LCI that integrates considerations at a regional and provincial level to facilitate data use in animal production LCAs in Canada, especially for beef production.
Dataset URI../processes/db9e470a-c078-45d3-bce4-fb216b7b5e74.xml
Dataset Access RestrictionsNone
Data EntryGroupe AGÉCO
Approval SourceSCAC 2020
Dataset CopyrightTrue
Dataset License TypeFree of charge for all users and uses